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Green Industry Transition

Alternative Fuel and Resource - Promotion

CII worked on an initiative to increase the use of Alternative Fuels & Raw materials (AFR) in the Indian cement industry. As part of the initiative, CII worked on a project titled "Facilitate Development of Framework to Promote Alternate Fuel Utilisation in India," supported by Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation (SSEF).

The main objective of this project was to accelerate AFR initiatives and increase the usage of AFR in the Indian cement industry through capacity building, data availability, and facilitating the exchange of waste, by working closely with the industry and the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs), thereby reducing environmental impacts of waste generation and raw material usage.

As part of the project, CII completed the following activities:
• Formation of Expert Group, consisting of PCB officials.
• Panel discussion with PCB officials on the following topics:
o Increasing MSW usage as RDF in cement industries and emissions regulation in cement industries.
o Increasing AFR utilisation in the Indian cement industries.
• Released technical bulletin on current level of AFR usage in the Indian cement industries and published the same on the CII-Godrej GBC website.
• Expert group created consisting of State and Central Pollution Control Board members, AFR experts, and cement plants.
• Worked towards inclusion of AFR Co-processing in the New Policy framework.
• Organised various capacity building activities- National & International missions, Round Table discussions in eight State Pollution Control Boards, Conferences, Stakeholder discussions, Publications on best practices, Data on waste availability, etc.
• Research & Development: Technical papers and publications released on Waste forecasting for achieving 25% TSR in Indian Cement Industry by 2025, waste availability, Impact on Cement plant process parameters in utilising AFR, Pre-processing of waste, Business models for AFR and guidelines for waste transportation & usage.
• AFR usage in Indian Cement industry increased from 0.5% in 2010 to 4% in 2017.
• No. of cement plants utilising AFR increased to 60+ units in India - 1.6 million tonnes of AF utilised by Indian cement plants and the highest TSR by individual plant is 26%.

CII completed the Phase I and Phase II of the project activities and is working on facilitating cement plants increase their AFR usage.

Status: Completed

Thematic Area: Energy Efficiency, Technology Implementation

Funded By: Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation

Diagnostic Study for Clean Technology Implementation in Tiruppur Textile Cluster

CII in partnership with WWF is executing a project on introducing cleantech measures to reduce the impact of textile companies on river Noyyal in Tiruppur. The project also aims to ensure long term sustainability of industries in the Tiruppur textile cluster by developing a strategy for their industrial water management and a plan for clean technology implementation.

CII would be initially assessing the water usage and characteristic patterns in the cluster and would work on identification and implementation of water related clean tech and best management practices implementation in pilot units.

Activities such as water audits, including water balance and cleaner production audits, will be conducted in select units.

Supported By: WWF and VRNC

Sustainable Recycling Industries (SRI)

SRI builds capacity for sustainable recycling in developing countries. SRI improves local capacity for sustainable recycling together with private and public institutions, as well as the informal sector.

The SRI project in India was aimed at identifying an alternative mechanism for handling of Brominated Flame Retardant (BFR) plastics, developing technical standards for the handling, transport and destruction of BFR plastics, creating a pilot take-back mechanism to segregate & prevent BFR plastics from entering the secondary value chain, and to draw out a monitoring system that will ensure compliance of the system.

SRI project comprised a multi-stakeholder input, including representatives from electronic goods manufacturers, plastic & e-waste recyclers, standards bodies, regulatory agencies, research institutions, and others.

Status: Completed (2015-2018)

Thematic Area: Circular Economy, Policy Advocacy, Waste Management, Capacity Building and Management Systems

Funded By: Swiss State Secretariat of Economic Affairs (SECO)

Implementation Partner: Institute for Materials Science & Technology (Empa) and the World Resources Forum (WRF)

Co-processing of Alternative Fuels and Resources in the Cement Industry

CII-Godrej GBC is working with SINTEF, Norway in promoting co-processing of Alternative Fuel and resources in the cement industry in India. The key objectives of the project are to:
• Provide technical assistance on waste related issues in the GIZ-MoEFCCon Sustainable and Environment-friendly Industrial Production (SEIP) project.
• Demonstrate the potential to increase the TSR by utilising Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) generated out of MSW and dried sewage sludge.
• Demonstrate the destruction of hazardous chemicals in cement kilns.

CII-Godrej GBC, in association with all stakeholders, conducted a plant scale trial under the SEIP project. During the trial, the resource value present in sludge, a hazardous waste generated from one of the major dyes and dye intermediates industries in Vapi, Gujarat in a local cement plant was used as gypsum substitute.

During the plant scale trial, 20 tonnes of sludge was utilised, which could substitute the equivalent quantity of marine gypsum at a rate of 16% substitution, without any significant deviations in process and cement quality parameters.

Further analysis revealed that there is a potential to substitute as much as 14% of the total Gypsum in Gujarat's cement plants with the sludge generated by the dyes and dye intermediates industries at Vapi, Gujarat.

Funded By: SINTEF

LCI Datasets For E-Waste Plastics Recycling

The market for recycled plastics is huge in India. Despite its plastic recycling efficiency, the recycling industry cannot assure that the recycled plastics are free of the environmental and health hazards they might possibly pose. The development of the Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) datasets will enable the users of plastics to take informed decisions, thereby trying to create a market for sustainable plastics.

LCI datasets for the Indian plastics recycling industry comprise of data from the formal and informal e-waste plastic recycling sectors. Datasets are created for various unit operations such as the collection of raw materials for recycling, dismantling, sorting and clean-up, grinding, pelletizing, moulding and colouring and transportation.

The LCI datasets indicated that the environmental impact from the informal sector is on the higher side compared to the formal sector. The datasets have been made available in the eco-invent database for users as India-specific datasets for e-waste plastics recycling.

Status: Completed

Funded By: SECO

Implementation Partner: Ecoinvent

Key Words: LCI Plastics datasets, e-waste plastics recycling, formal and informal sectors

Pilot Application of Innovative Assessment and Monitoring Methods for RECP in selected manufacturing sectors in India - GreenPro

UNIDO and UNEP together implement a global programme aimed at building capacity for, and supporting the scaling up and mainstreaming of, Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP).

The GreenPro certification systems are expected to be upscaled and applied in select manufacturing industries/subsectors and, on basis thereof, the applicability of this labelling method will be appraised with a view to achieve the scaling-up and mainstreaming of RECP in particular in small and medium manufacturing enterprises in India and possibly elsewhere.

Furthermore, the goal is to incorporate established international standards for the development and use of environmental labels and declarations (ISO 14020 series) into national labelling standards on Green Products in India, and tailor them to the national processes on standard setting and certification.

Key Outcome: The following were the key outcomes of the project:
• Pre-assessment of potential industries for the application and shortlist of industries for developing GreenPro guidelines.
• Development of GreenPro reference guide.
• One full-day awareness workshop involving key stakeholders for capacity building in the field of GreenPro labelling processes.

Duration: July 2016-Dec 2016

Funded By: UNIDO

Develop Clean Energy Initiatives for select Railway Stations in India

CII-Godrej GBC, with the support of Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation (SSEF), has worked on supporting select Indian Railways stations to adopt clean and green measures for improving their environmental performance.

The main objective of this project was to facilitate the implementation of clean energy measures in six railway stations identified by the Indian Railways. The clean energy measures included energy efficiency improvement, use of renewable energy and waste-to-energy components.

As part of this project, awareness programmes were conducted in various zones of Indian Railways on the Green & Clean Energy measures related to railway station and their advantages. During the awareness programme, the basic concepts related to energy efficiency improvement, renewable energy and waste-to-energy were discussed in detail.

Encouraged by the awareness programme, 10 additional stations have registered with CII- Indian Green Building Council under Green Railway Station Rating for implementing clean & green measures. Activities implemented include:
• Capacity building programmes on Green Railway Station Rating at 26 Divisional Railways (11 Zonal Railways out of 16 Indian Railway Zones).
• Energy Performance Improvement Studies in 7 Stations identified by Indian Railways (Secunderabad, Jaipur, New Delhi, Katra, Chennai, Varanasi and Howrah Station).
• Facilitation of implementation of clean & green measures by the Railway Stations.
• Assessment and Award of Green Railway Station Rating for 7 Stations.

Supported By: Indian Railways and Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation

Resource Efficient And Cleaner Production (RECP) Pilot Project To Foster Eco-Industrial Park Development In Eco-Industrial Parks In India

The RECP pilot programme was aimed at improving resource productivity and environmental performance of industries in select Indian Eco-Industrial parks through the parallel and integrated application of RECP techniques in enterprises within the park and EIP strategies and practices at the park level. The target industries benefited from operational cost savings (lower consumption of materials, energy, water, reduced disposal of waste, emissions and waste water), while also improving their compliance with applicable environmental policies and standards and their conformance to international norms of environmental and societal behaviour.

The project also created business opportunities and resulted in improved resource efficiency and environmental performance in selected Indian Eco-Industrial parks, and as such, present an example for other industrialized zones in India. Under this project, the EIP activities were undertaken at three industrial parks located in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

Project activities include creating awareness, capacity building, RECP demonstration, environment infrastructure need assessment at park level, exploration of industrial synergies and other studies. In addition to that CII team also identified industrial synergies opportunities among industries for resource utilization.

Through this project, more than 2,000 MWh of electrical savings and 30 tonnes of coal savings were identified in 20 industries. In addition to these renewable energy options, material and resource savings were also identified in these industries.

Facilitating market transformation of Ready-MixConcrete through development of Green Product certification

Ready mix concrete (RMC), one of the major products used increasingly in construction industry, has cement as a major constituent. RMC is now being used in around 50 cities in India, and this is expected to go up significantly. Currently, the RMC industry consumes about 7% of the total quantity of OPC produced in the country. This is expected to rise to 20 to 25% over the next few years. A few metros have made use of RMC compulsory, and other cities may follow suit.

CII undertook the mapping of energy consumption in the automobile (assembly), beverages and distillery, chemical (other than petrochemical, chlor-alkali, and fertilizer), and dairy sectors in India.

RMC contributes significantly for the increase in GHG emissions and the related environment impacts. The GHG emissions from RMC is mainly attributed to the use of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), the energy consumption during concrete manufacturing transportation of concrete, etc. The ready-mix concrete sector offers enormous and cost-effective intervention opportunities for improving the Green performance of the product, thereby reducing GHG emissions significantly, so that total emissions attributable are pushed to the lower end of the above range. Hence, CII-Godrej GBC developed Green Product Certification for Ready Mix Concrete, facilitate market transformation and thereby reduce the overall GHG emission in the RMC sector. This will facilitate adoption of 'GreenPro' certification by at least six RMC manufacturers in a total of at least 15 RMC manufacturing units and thus influence buyer’s behaviour to promote utilisation of certified ready-mix concrete in the building sector. The following are the expected outcomes:
• The GHG emission reduction on account of reduction in resource consumption during the manufacturing process and increase in addition of additives in the ready-mix concrete will be to the tune of 150,000 tonnes CO2/ annum.
• Engagement with 10 national level developers and facilitate adoption of green procurement practices for construction of green buildings.

Duration: June 2017- Ongoing

Funded By: International Finance Corporation, Ready Mixed Concrete Manufacturers Association, Quality Council of India

Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Selected Manufacturing Sectors in India

The development objective of the project is to contribute to improved resource efficiency and environmental performance of SMEs with a focus on these verifiable numerical assessment methods in the pre-selected sectors of Indian industries. The project was designed to provide a holistic approach to the industry on verifiable GHG emissions accounting, Material Flow Cost Accounting (MFCA) and GreenCo Green Company Rating System, with a focus on creating awareness, capacity building and implementation of pilot studies in select sectors as per internationally accepted methodologies.

The potential of scaling up RECP in small and medium sized enterprises through GreenCo was studied. The environmental benefits and economic benefits achieved by 10 GreenCo rated enterprises at different levels was analysed. The lessons learnt, along with the suggestions and recommendations for potential adaptation of GreenCo for application in small enterprises and for the management of industrial estates was analysed through the project.

Through this project, MFCA was introduced to Indian industries. CII in partnership with a Japanese expert on MFCA, worked with 10 companies from Engineering and Food & Beverage sector and piloted the concept of MFCA for improving resource efficiency. The pilot outcomes indicated that the MFCA can be innovative tool for improving the material efficiency and productivity in manufacturing industry.

Funded By: United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

Desk Study on Waste Heat Recovery Potential in Indian Cement Industry

Energy efficiency has taken top priority in the Indian cement industry, but Waste Heat Recovery (WHR) systems were not widely adopted. During the study period, it was found that out of 150 large cement kilns in the country, only five cement kilns adopted WHR systems.

CII undertook a desk review and presented a detailed finding on the WHR potential available in the country, and identified the barriers to implementation.

The study indicated that there was a potential of more 415 MW of WHR, and would create an investment opportunity of over USD 724 million.

Key Activities:
• Review of major WHR technologies implemented around the world.
• Identify potential of WHR considering the pyro section, mass flow, and temperature of the gases.
• Highlighting existing application of WHR in India - success and barriers.
• Mapping of WHR technologies to cement process, potential energy savings and power generation capacity.
• Studying the technical feasibility and financial viability of the projects.
• Recommending roles for major stakeholders to facilitate market uptake of WHR technologies in the country.

Partners: IFC

Status: Completed

Technical Assistance Study For Atextile Unit At Bangladesh

CII-Godrej GBC team conducted a technical assistance study for GCPF for comprehensive investments for energy efficiency improvement at a Textile unit in Dhaka. The study included technical study to analyse the equipment and machinery installed, energy usage, type of energy used, baseline determination and deduction of energy savings.

The energy consumption, both electrical and thermal systems were estimated and compared with a baseline energy consumption of a standard equipment. The energy consumption scenario for all equipment were decided based on previous energy audits conducted by CII and its experts, and these standards equipment were termed as standard case or baseline for analysis.

Based on the study, more than 16 technologies/systems such as vapour absorption machines, mercerising machines, radio frequency dryers, compressed air systems, etc., were analysed.
Based on the audit and baseline, it was observed that there was a reduction in electrical consumption of30.95%, and of 21.55% in thermal fuel consumption, when compared to the base case.

Duration: 2017-2018

Supported By: GCPF

5-point Programme for Retrofitting IT Parks in SEZ

The Indian Green Building Council (IGBC)of CII-Godrej GBC had partnered with Telangana State Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Limited (TSIIC) to facilitate Cyberabad emerge as a 'Green Industrial Zone'. This project aimed to retrofit existing buildings in the Cyberabad Zone as Green Buildings.

Earlier, APIIC (now TSIIC) announced a 5-point strategy for retro-fitting the industrial parks of TSIIC. As part of this initiative, IGBC undertook the technical feasibility for the selected buildings to retrofit them as green buildings.

IGBC also evaluated the various technological options to reduce energy consumption and resource consumption. IGBC also facilitated meetings between the suppliers and facility managers, to catalyse the implementation of energy conservation projects. IGBC followed a detailed methodology for conducting the feasibility study for retrofitting the existing buildings into Green Buildings.

Partners: TSIIC, NASSCOM Foundation, SRACO, Forest Department, and HBC

Status: Completed (2016-17)

Thematic Area: Green Building, Resource Efficiency, GHG Mitigation, Technology Implementation, and Capacity Building

Funded By: TSIIC and GIZ

Technical Support: Deutsche Gesellschaftfr Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), GmbH

Life Cycle Inventory Database

CII, supported by SRI and Eco-Invent, supported the establishment of a local LCA competence centre, and the creation of a national LCI database representing the conditions in India.

The project aimed to develop regional LCI/LCA expertise through the transfer of know-how and knowledge from international and regional experts to local data providers, data users and decision-makers.

This was accomplished by organising regular activities such as workshops, seminars and courses on LCA. Specialised seminars will be carried out to train the several local stakeholders on how to collect, process, and apply inventory data. All this was done by network members, and partly financed by SRI.

Local LCI data collection initiatives were supported, with a focus on key industries such as construction materials, coal mining transport and waste treatment. LCI data collection was complemented by research and modelling.

Status: 2016-2018

Thematic Area: Environment Sustainability, Waste Management, Capacity Building and Research & Development

Funded By: Swiss State Secretariat of Economic Affairs (SECO)

Implementation Partner: Eco-Invent, Quantis and EmPA

Better Places for People- Green Building Initiative

The study was part of WGBC's initiative on 'Better Places for People' that aims to create a world in which buildings support healthier and happier lives for those who occupy them. WGBC entrusted IGBC to conduct a study on the wellbeing aspect in IGBC rated green buildings. The objective of the study was to understand measures that would enhance health & wellbeing in buildings.

The study aimed to highlight the positive impacts of green building on health & wellbeing of the occupants. 25 buildings were selected from 7 major cities of India. The questionnaire was designed to capture user's perception and experience on the built environment they occupy.

The study indicates that green buildings have supported healthier and happier living in several ways. Various attributes such as thermally comfortable environment, optimum illumination & noise levels, greenery within the built environment, ergonomically designed spaces, have significantly contributed in providing a comfortable working environment to the users occupying them. Based on the study, the report further attempts to provide ideas for improvement in the built environment.

More and more stakeholders are realising the importance of green buildings. The study further strengthens the area of wellbeing and acted as a guide for upcoming facilities to be healthy and add to the wellbeing of people.

Supported By: World Green Building Council

Mission on Sustainable Growth

Realizing that there is a need for India and Indian corporate firms to focus on sustainable growth, CII initiated a programme titled "Mission on Sustainable Growth (MSG)".

Under this mission, CII - Code for Ecologically Sustainable Business Growth was developed, aiming to involve the top management of companies and seek voluntary commitments towards reducing the specific consumption of energy, water and other natural resources, and promote ecologically sustainable growth in their companies.

Participating companies committed to reduce their impact on the global environment by completing a corporate-wide inventory of their greenhouse gas emissions based on a quality management system, setting aggressive reduction goals, and annually reporting their progress to CII. A total of 450 organisations have expressed their commitment to the CII-Code.

As part of the Mission, CII undertook the following activities:
• Handholding companies in promoting ecological sustainability.
• Guiding the industry in developing baseline and voluntary targets.
• Assisting industrial units in reducing and conserving resources by carrying out energy, water and waste utilisation studies, and helping them in implementation and monitoring.
• Developing GHG inventories for participating companies.
• Analysing and implementing opportunities for reducing emissions.
• Developing Green Purchase Policy.
• Organising Green Business Summit

The 450 companies have reported achieved savings of INR 1,802 million/annum by undertaking various green activities. MSG facilitated in launching the GreenCo Rating system- the first of its kind in the world.

Partners: Asia Pacific Partnership, Global Footprint Network, USAID and WWF

Duration: 2008-2011

Review of Best Practices by Eco-Industrial Parks in India

In 2013, UNIDO commissioned a project to document the best practices for eco-industrial parks in developing countries.

CII was appointed as one of the consultants for evaluating the best practices for Eco-Industrial Parks in India.

As part of the project, CII identified and selected three industrial parks in the country, and visited the eco-parks to understand various practices followed by the park owners and units located in the parks.

Thereafter, CII developed three case study documents covering the best practices for environmental management followed by the eco-park owners, and also highlighted the innovative approaches followed by the parks. The document also covered various RECP initiatives by units located within the park.

CII also prepared a policy review document for various policies in India promoting Eco-Industrial parks and highlighted the areas where further interventions were required.

Partners: UNIDO

Status: 2013-14

Thematic Area: Energy Efficiency, Technology Transfer, Cleaner Production, Capacity Building

Feasibility for Green Ports

CII was appointed as a consultant for developing a feasibility report on developing an existing port into a green port. CII undertook a baseline survey of the existing infrastructure at the port and the environmental management practices.

The feasibility study aimed at evaluating the solutions for ensuring the sustainability of port operations and the necessary requirements to meet the green port capabilities.

CII also suggested a Green Port Strategy, highlighting the focus areas. The feasibility report covered the critical areas of port operation, such as water usage, energy, air, waste management, sustainable development and sustainable business practices.

CII suggested the following:
• Developing a Green Port Strategy.
• Implementation of effective waste management systems.
• Implementation of global initiative on Environmental Ship Index to encourage cleaner ships.
• Green belt preservation.
• Implementation of EMS (Environmental Management System)- ISO 14001.
• Exploration of on-shore Power Supply (or) cold ironing.
• Greenhouse Gas Inventorisation.
• Dust Control Systems.
• Energy Efficiency.
• Renewable Energy.

Partners: Kamrajar Port

Status: 2014-15

Thematic Area: Green Infrastructure, energy Efficiency, Technology implementation, Capacity Building